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  • Vowels and Vowel Rules

    B:Alphabet vowel sounds
    Listen to the names of the English vowel letters.


    Sometimes vowel letters are pronounced like their letter names. These sounds are called the alphabet vowel sounds. The alphabet vowel sounds are pronounced with a small change in the sound ate the end. This change is called the off-glide

    E: Listening to alphabet vowel sounds

    Listen to the alphabet vowel sounds in these keywords.


     /e(y)/           /i(y)/            /a(y)/              /o(w)/             /u(w)/
     cake           tea               ice                cone              blue

    Note: In some words, the alphabet vowel sound for the letter -u- is pronounced /yu(w)/ , as in "cube" . The sound /u(w)/ as om "blue", however, is is more common. In this online course, the symbol /u(w)/ will be used for both these pronunciations.

    Listen to the alphabet vowel sounds in these other words. 

    /e(y)/            /i(y)/          /a(y)/      /o(w)/         /u(w)/
    mail              leaf            lime        phone         tune

    I: Relative vowel sounds 

    Vowel letters are not always pronounced with their alphabet vowel sounds. Often a vowel letter is pronounced with a relative vowel sound. This sound is related to the alphabet vowel sound, but it has a different sound and there is no off-glide.

     Listen to the relative vowel sounds in these key words. 

    /æ/       /           /I/       /a/          /

    pan         ten              is         top          cut

    Listen to the relative vowel sounds in these other words.

    /æ/           /            /I/          /a/          /

    back         jet             sip          lock        cup 
    fan           French        pin         pot          jump
    half           leg             kick        flock       fun
    clap          send           wrist      clock       gum

    J:Which word do you hear

    Listen. Mark the column for the word that is different. The word that is different has a relative vowel sound.

     Aid                  Add                Aid

    You will not see the words. Try to determine the relative vowel sound of each word above.


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American Accent Video Training

· Session 15 Reading Passages - 15a -15b

Pronunciation Lessons : Coming Soon!

1 Pronouncing /a/, /ae/, and uh Part 1
2 Pronouncing /a/, /ae/, and uh Part 2
3 Pronouncing /iy/, /i/, /uw/, /u/, and /e/ Part 1
4 Pronouncing /iy/, /i/, /uw/, /u/, and /e/ Part 2
5 Long Vowels, Short Vowels and Spelling
6 Pronouncing Glides + Vowel Review
7 The Schwa
8 The American R
9 The American L
10 The B, P, V, and F
11 The D, T and -ed
12 The S, Z and TH
13 The SH, ZH, CH and J
14 The K, G, M, N, NG
15 The H, W, and Y
16 Pronunciation Review

Accent Lessons Coming Soon!

1 Introduction to Word Intonation
2 Intonation in Words Part 1
3 Intonation in Words Part 2
4 Intonation in Words Part 3
5 Intonation in Words Part 4
6 Unusual Word Stress Patterns
7 Linking Words Together
8 Compound Nouns and Descriptive Phrases
9 Phrasal Verbs, Spelling, and Numbers
10 Content Words and Structure Words
11 Pronouncing Structure Words Part 1
12 Pronouncing Structure Words Part 2
13 Rhythm and Timing
14 Speeding up Modals
15 More on Modals
16 Asking Questions
17 Tag Questions
18 Emphatic and Contrastive Stress
19 Sequencing and Conversational Tone
20 Compound and Complex Sentences


If you already feel confident about your pronunciation but would like to know more about ACCENT (intonation, rhythm, timing, and mood) then our 16 hour AUDIO course is for you.

Unit One Introduction to the American Accent
1 What is Accent?
2 An Overview of the American Accent

Unit Two Breaking English into Pieces
3 Meet the Schwa
4 The American T

Unit Three Word Intonation Patterns
5 Intonation Patterns of 1 & 2 Syllable Words
6 Intonation Patterns of 3 & 4 Syllable Words
Unit Four Unusual Word Intonation
7 Words that Shift Stress
8 Missing Syllables

Unit Five Descriptive Phrases and Compound Nouns
9 Compound Nouns vs. Descriptive Phrases
10 Phrasal Verbs and More

Unit Six Linking Words Together
11 Linking Words

Unit Seven Content and Structure Words
12 Content Words
13 Structure Words

Unit Eight Rhythm and Timing
14 Rhythm and Timing
15 Reducing Modals
16 Phrasing

Unit Nine Sentence Stress
17 Normal Sentence Stress
18 Emphatic and Contrastive Stress

Unit Ten Asking Questions
19 Asking Questions
20 Tag Questions

Unit Eleven Compound and Complex Sentences
21 Sequencing
22 Complex Sentences

Unit Twelve Clear Speech
23 Emotion and Mood
24 Putting it All Together